Prevention Fire Standard Glossary

Glossary of Terms


A group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.

Source: Fire Standards Board

Community Risk Management Planning

The process by which services identify community risks, estimate the impact of those risks should they occur and define their preventative and response activities to these risks in respect of their geographic area of responsibility. Services collate this information in a Community Risk Management Plan (known previously as an Integrated Risk Management Plan).

Source: NFCC Community Risk Programme

Equality of Access

The responsibility of ensuring all services and information provided by a fire and rescue service to the public or within their organisation is inclusive and accessible.

Source: NFCC Equality of Access


A collective term to describe the parties that may be pertinent to the activity described in the standard. This might include both organisations or the employees and volunteers of those organisations such as, but not limited to, other fire and rescue services, partner organisations, other emergency responder agencies, stakeholders or members of a community.

Source: Fire Standards Board

Person-Centred Approach

An approach that places the individual and the communities served by the fire and rescue service at the core of its prevention activity.

Source: Person Centred Approach for Home Fire Safety Visit, 2020

Prevention Activity

Activities or initiatives delivered by fire and rescue services aiming to reduce risks or threats to health in communities.

Source: Fire Standards Board

Prevention Strategy

The approach being taken by a fire and rescue service in relation to delivering its prevention activities. This may be a single document or something which is part of a larger group of documents depending on how the service approaches its strategic planning for the organisation.

Source: Fire Standards Board


To protect another person’s right to live and work in safety, free from abuse and harm.

Source: Fire Standards Board

Those who are most at risk

For consistency the term “those who are most at risk” was used throughout the Fire Standard, but the alternative terms some services use, such as “vulnerable”, “at risk” and “at risk of abuse, harm and neglect” are also applicable in this context.

In relation to adults:

  • Has needs for care and support (whether or not the local authority is meeting any of those needs) and;
  • Is experiencing, or at risk of, abuse or neglect and;
  • As a result of those care and support needs is unable to protect themselves from either the risk of, or the experience of, abuse or neglect

In relation to children:

  • Has needs for care and support (whether or not the local authority is meeting any of those needs);
  • Is experiencing, or is at risk of, abuse, neglect or other kinds of harm

The use of the term at risk; the actual abuse or neglect does not need to have occurred. Rather, early interventions to protect a child at risk should be considered to prevent actual harm, abuse and neglect.

Source: Safeguarding Wales