Protection Fire Standard Glossary

Glossary of Terms

Built environment

The human-made environment that provides the setting for human activity, including homes, buildings, zoning, streets, sidewalks, open spaces, transportation options and more. It is defined as “the human-made space in which people live, work and recreate on a day-to-day basis”.

This also refers to buildings in-scope of the legislation enforced by fire and rescue services.

Source: The Built Environment Assessment Tool Manual and Public Health: Seattle and King County’s Push for the Built Environment

Protection Activity

Includes statutory regulatory activities undertaken by fire and rescue services under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. It also includes any other relevant legislation that fire and rescue services are responsible for including petroleum and explosives legislation.

Source: Fire Standards Board


All engagement with responsible persons and businesses, including (but not restricted to):

  • provision of guidance and advice;
  • serving informal notices (such as a Notice of Deficiencies);
  • serving formal notices (such as Alterations, Enforcement and Prohibition notices); and
  • serving legal action (prosecutions).

Source: Fire Standards Board

Specialist premises

Premises with unique characteristics and fire safety challenges including:

  • hospitals
  • heritage
  • transport infrastructure
  • prisons
  • sports stadia
  • chemical plants
  • temporary structures
  • festival sites and
  • premises where explosives or petroleum are stored.

These premises may also include fire engineered solutions.

Source: Competency Framework for Fire Safety Regulators

Other Employees or non-fire safety specialist personnel

Any other fire and rescue service employees other than specialist Protection Officers.

Source: Competency Framework for Fire Safety Regulators

Higher risk premises

This includes:

  • Premises defined in legislation as Higher Risk/High Rise Residential Buildings
  • Care Homes of any height
  • Hospitals of any height
  • Prisons of any height
  • Specialised housing of any height. (See appendix 8 of the Competency Framework for Fire Safety Regulators)

Source: Competency Framework for Fire Safety Regulators

At all times

This term relates to the need for a fire and rescue service to maintain the ability for appropriately competent and authorised employees to undertake urgent work needed to control dangerous conditions that present a risk to life (such as attending to a locked exit or serving a prohibition notice). It is not intended to indicate that all statutory functions must be available 24/7.

Source: Fire Standards Board